According to the report of PMI Pulse of the Professional annual, around 48% of the projects are not finished within time, at least 43% of projects go over their annual budget, and at least 31% of projects do not meet their initial goals. 

To counter this Agile project management is the best approach you can take which helps you increase productivity and eliminate unwanted obstacles. In this article, we have included 12 important values and principles of Agile software development that will enable you to manage your app development more prominently. 

What are the principles of Agile development? 

Agile principles are a set of values and principles that underpin the Agile software development methodology. These principles were first defined in the Agile Manifesto, a document created by a group of software developers in 2001. The four values of the Agile Manifesto are:

This principle emphasizes the importance of communication and collaboration between team members and customers, rather than relying solely on processes and tools. This principle prioritizes the creation of working software over extensive documentation. While documentation is important, the goal of Agile development is to produce working software quickly and iteratively.

Some key points

  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation: This principle emphasizes the importance of working closely with customers and involving them in the development process, rather than relying solely on contracts and agreements.
  • Responding to change over following a plan: This principle emphasizes the importance of flexibility and adaptability in the development process. Rather than sticking to a rigid plan, Agile development is about being able to respond to changing requirements and priorities in a timely and effective manner.

The Agile Manifesto consists of four core values and 12 principles that guide the Agile approach to software development. The following are the 12 key principles of Agile methodology that you must look into. 

1. Customer satisfaction

Agile development emphasizes delivering working software frequently, in small increments, instead of waiting for a big release at the end. This approach allows customers to see and test the software early in the development process and provide feedback, which leads to better alignment with their requirements and expectations. This flexibility allows customers to make changes to their requirements as they see fit, leading to a better end product that more accurately meets their needs. This Agile principle in software engineering helps to improve your project. 

2. Agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage

Agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage by providing a framework that allows for flexible and iterative development. Instead of relying on a rigid plan, agile development teams work closely with customers to understand their needs and adapt to changing requirements throughout the development process. Agile development processes enable quick response to changes in the market or business environment. By working in short sprints and delivering working software frequently, the team can quickly adjust to new requirements or customer feedback.

3. Deliver working software frequently

Agile development teams work in short iterations or sprints, typically two to four weeks long, where they focus on delivering a working software increment. This allows the team to prioritize and focus on delivering a small set of features or functionality that can be tested and delivered quickly. Agile development teams use continuous integration and testing to ensure that the code is working and ready for deployment. Continuous integration involves developers merging their code changes into a shared repository frequently, which is then automatically tested to ensure that the new code does not break existing functionality. This is why it is one of the 4 Agile principles

4. Collaborate with customers and stakeholders throughout the project

Agile teams work closely with customers to understand their needs and involve them in the development process. This collaboration ensures that the software meets the customer’s requirements and expectations. These Agile principles and practices make it one of the best tools for software development.

5. Build projects around motivated individuals

Agile builds projects around motivated individuals by emphasizing the importance of self-organizing, cross-functional teams. Agile development encourages individuals to take ownership of their work and make decisions about how best to achieve the team’s goals. This empowerment leads to greater job satisfaction and motivation. Agile development teams are typically cross-functional, meaning that they include individuals with different skills and expertise. 

6. Use face-to-face communication as much as possible

Agile development emphasizes face-to-face communication as much as possible to promote better collaboration and understanding between team members. Agile teams typically hold daily stand-up meetings, where team members gather in person to discuss their progress, plans, and any issues or blockers they may be facing. This meeting format allows for quick and direct communication and helps to keep everyone on the same page.


7. Working software is the primary measure of progress

Velocity is a metric that measures the amount of work that the team can complete in a sprint. It is calculated by adding up the story points or the number of tasks completed during a sprint. Velocity provides insight into the team’s capacity and helps the team plan future sprints. A burn-down chart is a visual representation of the remaining work to be completed in a sprint or release. It shows the progress made towards completing the work over time, allowing the team to see if they are on track to meet their goals.

8. Agile processes promote sustainable development

Agile processes promote sustainable development by emphasizing the importance of building high-quality software that is maintainable and sustainable over time. Agile development teams prioritize the management of technical debt, which refers to the accumulated cost of making changes to a system over time. By addressing technical debt early and regularly, the team can ensure that the software remains maintainable and sustainable over time. Team members work together to solve problems and share knowledge, promoting a culture of continuous learning and improvement.

9. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility

Agile is a software development methodology that emphasizes the iterative and incremental development of software, with a focus on delivering value to the customer. One of the key principles of agile is to prioritize technical excellence and good design. Agile teams regularly review and improve the codebase to ensure that it remains clean and maintainable. This involves removing duplicate code, simplifying complex code, and making other improvements that enhance the quality of the code.

10. Simplicity–the art of maximizing the amount of work not done

Agile methodology values delivering working software that meets customer needs, but it also recognizes the importance of minimizing the amount of unnecessary work that is done. This is often referred to as “maximizing the amount of work not done” or “maximizing the amount of value not delivered.” Agile teams use prioritization techniques like user stories and backlog grooming to identify the most important work to be done. This helps the team focus on delivering the most valuable features first, and avoiding work that doesn’t deliver as much value.

11. Self-organizing teams produce the best architectures, requirements, and designs

Once more, we see that motivated teams produce the highest value for the client when given freedom. The 17 founders of Agile agreed that “the greatest architectures, requirements, and designs arise from self-organizing teams” when addressing this principle. Perhaps you are not ready for Agile, or your leadership style has to be modified if you have to “drive them forward” and push your team.

12. Regularly reflect on the team’s performance and adjust accordingly

Agile methodology places a strong emphasis on continuous improvement, which means that teams should regularly reflect on their performance and make adjustments as needed. This process is known as retrospection or a retrospective, and it involves gathering feedback from team members and stakeholders to identify areas for improvement.

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