What is IoT and how does it work? The Internet of Things (IoT) represents a wide variety of applications and industries. There are a number of IoT use cases that requires the following infrastructure::

  • Cloud connectivity which includes industrial automation, asset tracking, home tracking, etc., using advanced technologies like cellular networks like LTE-M, NB-IoT, GSM, etc, or Wifi. 
  • Advance long-range local networks (smart agriculture, smart city, etc) by using technologies such as Sigfox, LaRa, Zigbee, etc. These are some of the top IoT technologies for the future. 
  • Short-range of local networks (helps in tracking health parameters with the help of wearables, smart houses, etc) by using technologies such as ZWave, BLF, NFC, etc.

The basics of IoT infrastructure are the same across many applications, despite variations in implementation details. Building dependable IoT systems across businesses requires a thorough understanding of IoT infrastructure. We’ll go in-depth on IoT infrastructure in this article to help you develop your IoT skill set. 

In this article, we have discussed in depth the IoT requirements which are necessary to build a strong and interactive IoT device for consumers. This IoT infrastructure guide will help you understand the network and system that act as a building block for IoT devices. 

There are certainly some challenges that the IoT industry is facing while lack of talent remains a major concern. 

IoT Infrastructure Requirements

Starting off with basics, the Internet of Things infrastructure is the system that interconnects devices that have embedded processing abilities and sensors. Note that it is not important for devices to use the Internet. IoT allows devices to connect with one another without the Internet. 

Keeping that in mind, let’s discuss the things involved in the infrastructure. 

IoT Infrastructure Elements


IoT Infrastructure Elements Description
Controller It is the brain of the IoT device; acts as a bridge between the network and the sensor, plus performs onboard storage and computation
Sensor Measure physical quantities that are shared over the networks by IoT devices
Network It allows your device to exchange data to other devices locally, or using Cloud
Cloud Storage, computing, and gateway system access over the internet
Data Analytics       The instruments and resources that allow users to get understanding from the data received by an IoT system (typically on the Cloud)
User-facing Application Applications for mobile and the web that let users connect with IoT systems and view data

Further we will take a closer look to the IoT infrastructure that makes devices more advance and responsive. The below terms are the perfect definition of IoT infrastructure with examples

IoT Sensor

An IoT (Internet of Things) sensor is a small electronic device that is capable of detecting and measuring physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, humidity, light, sound, motion, pressure, and more. These sensors are connected to the internet, allowing them to transmit data wirelessly to a cloud-based platform, where it can be analyzed, processed, and used to automate various tasks or provide insights.

IoT sensors are a critical component of the Internet of Things, which is a network of interconnected devices that collect and share data to improve efficiency, productivity, and safety in various industries. They can be used in a wide range of applications, from smart homes and buildings to industrial automation, healthcare, agriculture, and more. These are some of the IoT infrastructure examples which bring great results.  

IoT Controller

An IoT controller is a device or software application that is used to manage and control IoT devices and sensors in an Internet of Things (IoT) network. It acts as a bridge between IoT devices and the cloud or other applications, enabling data to be collected, analyzed, and acted upon.

IoT controllers can be physical devices, such as a gateway or a router, or they can be software applications that run on a server or in the cloud. They typically provide features such as security, authentication, data management, device monitoring, and remote control.

An IoT controller can be used in a variety of IoT applications, such as smart homes, industrial automation, healthcare, agriculture, and transportation. It plays a crucial role in making IoT networks scalable, secure, and manageable. IoT health monitoring system is one of the most successful IoT systems that have changed the healthcare sector.  

IoT Network

An IoT (Internet of Things) network is a group of connected devices, sensors, and systems that can communicate with each other and exchange data using internet protocols. The devices in an IoT network can be embedded with sensors and processors that enable them to collect, transmit and receive data.

IoT networks can be designed to support a wide range of applications, such as smart homes, smart cities, industrial automation, healthcare, and transportation. The devices in an IoT network can be connected using various wireless and wired communication technologies, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, cellular networks, and satellite networks.

IoT Cloud

An IoT cloud is a cloud computing platform that is designed to support Internet of Things (IoT) applications. It provides a set of cloud-based services and tools that enable IoT devices and sensors to connect, communicate, and exchange data with other devices, applications, and users over the internet.

An IoT cloud platform typically includes components such as data storage, data processing, analytics, device management, and application development tools. It also provides APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) that allow IoT software developers to build custom IoT applications and integrate them with other software systems.

User-facing IoT Applications

User-facing IoT applications are software programs that provide an interface for end-users to interact with IoT devices and systems. These applications are designed to enable users to monitor and control IoT devices, access data generated by the devices, and configure device settings.

Examples of user-facing IoT applications include smart home apps, wearable health, and fitness apps, and connected car apps. These applications typically run on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, but can also be accessed via desktop and laptop computers.

IoT Security

IoT security refers to the set of practices, technologies, and protocols designed to protect Internet of Things (IoT) devices, systems, and networks from unauthorized access, theft, data breaches, and other cyber threats. The unique characteristics of IoT devices, such as limited computing power, wireless connectivity, and remote management, create unique security challenges.

The security of IoT devices and systems is critical to prevent attacks that can have serious consequences, such as data theft, privacy breaches, system disruptions, and physical harm. An IoT security strategy typically involves multiple layers of protection, including secure hardware design, secure communication protocols, and secure data storage and transmission.

IoT Analytics

IoT analytics refers to the process of collecting, processing, and analyzing data generated by Internet of Things (IoT) devices and systems to generate insights and inform decision-making. IoT analytics enables organizations to gain a deeper understanding of their operations, customers, and business processes, and identify patterns and trends that can be used to optimize performance, reduce costs, and improve customer experience.

IoT analytics involves the use of advanced analytics technologies such as machine learning, predictive analytics, and data mining to make sense of large volumes of data generated by IoT devices. IoT analytics can also involve real-time data processing and visualization to enable timely decision-making and action.

These are some of the advantages of IoT infrastructure that provide strength and security to IoT devices. Adequate Infosoft is one of the leading IoT software development companies that provide the right talent pool and quality services. 

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