IoT, which stands for “Internet of Things,” is getting more popular every day. This term describes any device that can connect to the internet and send and receive data. As popularity increases, the technologies related to IoT systems are also evolving gradually.
It is thought that by 2025, there will be about 30,9 billion IoT devices in use. Technology in its various forms has the potential to provide tremendous business value.
These days, there are a few other technologies like cloud computing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, data analytics, edge computing, and mobile computing that are quite popular and closely related to IoT. Cloud computing and machine learning are used to collect and analyze data from IoT devices, while AI and data analytics are used to get insights from the data. Edge computing enables devices to process data locally instead of relying on the cloud. If you want to get incredible business value through IoT, here are some technologies that will help you create history.
- LPWANs (low-power wide-area network):
LPWANs are widely used to connect low-bandwidth devices with low bit rates. It is capable of accommodating uplink speeds up to 200 kbps with packet sizes ranging from 10 to 1,000 bytes. Moreover, various other technologies give a long range of LPWANs from 2 km to 1,000 km.
- Bluetooth and BLE
Bluetooth Low Energy, or Bluetooth, is a great wireless technology made for the Internet of Things devices that use little power. Application and IoT software developers are widely using BLE to ascertain connections between devices.
From connecting devices over short distances, such as between smartphones, and wearables, to being used in indoor navigation, healthcare monitoring, and the home automation industry, the IoT has several benefits. BLE can send data up to 50 meters away and uses less power than traditional Bluetooth.
- Cellular (3G/4G/5G)
IoT is utilized in the creation of future Cellular (3G/4G/5G) devices. All contemporary communication devices are 3G/4G/5G enabled to provide the user with high-speed internet access. Cellular technologies are used in IoT applications that need to cover a large area, like monitoring and controlling things from afar. The next generation of wireless communication technology should be able to send and receive data faster and with less delay than the current generation.
Zigbee is a popular wireless technology used to connect low-cost wireless electronics. It is made as an open global standard to meet the needs of low-cost, low-power wireless Internet of Things networks. The protocol lets devices talk to each other in different network topologies, and the battery life can last for several years. From home automation to smart home applications, Zigbee is everywhere.
Everyone is familiar with Wi-Fi. We use this to connect our electronic devices to the internet through a second device. It sends a radio signal from the router that we can pick up to connect the device to the internet. Wi-Fi has a great future as in the coming era every device will be Wi-Fi makes this possible by making it easy to connect to the internet on a second device.
- Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a wireless system that includes two components. The first one is the tag, and the second one is the reader. Tags are used to capture radio waves, and later these rays are sent to the reader to detect the location of the tags. These are commonly used in public transport, tolls, logistics, and the identification of animals for the location of the tags.
- MQTT(MQ Telemetry Transport)
MQ Telemetry Transport is a lightweight and straightforward protocol used for messaging. MQTT simply subscribes to and publicizes the design for high latency, unreliable, and low-bandwidth network devices. MQ Telemetry Transport is also the best way to send a large number of sensor messages to platforms for analytics and cloud solutions.
Z-Wave is another wireless technology for networking that is commonly used in IoT systems. It is designed for use in home automation systems and can support a range of up to 100 feet.
- NFC (Near Field Communication)
NFC is a short-range wireless technology that is used for communication between devices. It is frequently utilized in IoT systems for a variety of tasks including the configuration of devices and the handling of payment processing.
LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a low-power, wide-area network protocol that is used for communication between devices, such as sensors, in the Internet of Things (IoT) space. It is made so that devices that run on batteries can work for many years even though they can talk to each other over long distances. LoRaWAN is an open protocol that is run by the LoRa Alliance, which is a group of more than 500 companies that work together for no profit.
The future of IoT is bright and ever-evolving. IoT technologies such as 5G, edge computing, AI, blockchain, and the internet of things platforms are key components in the development of a smarter and more connected world. IoT technologies could change the way we interact with our surroundings by giving us insights, data, and analytics in real-time. As IoT technologies become more common, we can expect to see more attention paid to security, data privacy, and the environment. With the right investments, these technologies can become an integral part of our daily lives, ultimately transforming the way we live, work, and play.