The craze for learning programming languages is very high and if you’re new to the field of software development, the toughest part of learning programming is deciding where to begin. There are hundreds of widely used programming languages, each with its own complexities and idiosyncrasies. Several considerations come into play when making your decision, such as the level of difficulty you want to learn, the knowledge you already have that aligns with your existing coding skills.

The good news is that as you begin your journey as a software developer, you will begin to discover which programming language will be best for you, your interests, and your career goals. Nowadays, people have a question in mind: which programming language should we prefer in 2021 and why? So the theme selection is sharing here the top 10 programming languages 2021.

List of  Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

1. PHP

WordPress, Facebook all created using the PHP programming language because is one of the most popular scripting languages. The programs that are running with PHP are quite simple. PHP is a functional and object-oriented programming language created by Rasmus Lerdorf created PHP in 1994. It has a large open-source software community and it is one of the top programming languages to learn and also one of the best coding languages which has a reasonably good system of automation tools available. As PHP lacks a debugging tool, the error handling facility is poor. As one of the open-source languages, it is not secure. With PHP Web Development, developing a website is slower than other programming languages.

2. SQL

SQL is a powerful query language that was developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce. In 1979, this language was made available publicly and optimized for large numbers of table rows. It is fast for searching and querying data and has high availability and consistency of data. It is also fast for retrieving data from multiple tables.

SQL is difficult to convert data from Objects into database tables and can only run on a single server, so increasing speed means upgrading hardware. In case if the server stop working, then the database shouldn’t be accessed because SQL databases run on a single server.

3. Go

Go language is developed at Google in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike also known as golang. It is a really very fast language as it is compiled to machine code. Compared to other languages, its syntax is small and easy to learn.  To provide handy built-in functions for working with primitive types, it offers a standard library. This one of the best programming languages to learn also makes concurrent programming easy.

The drawbacks of this programming language are such as poor library support, interfaces are implicit, and fractured dependency management

4. Python

Python is the most popular programming language created by Guido van Rossum.  In 1991, it was first released and considered as one of the best programming languages to learn which supports multiple systems and platforms. Python is object-oriented programming (OOPs) driven that helps to improve the programmer’s productivity. It allows you to scale even the most complex applications with ease that’s why known as the best coding language to learn. If we talk about its drawback the Python’s database access layer is a bit underdeveloped and primitive. Python is widely used in AI and Machine Learning space.

5. Java

Java is primarily designed by James Gosling in the year 1996 at Sun Microsystems. Java has wide and growing adoption nowadays and there will never be a shortage of jobs requiring Java Skills. Like Python, it is also an object-oriented language that offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc. Java is a powerful open-source Rapid Development tool. Having a large number of open-source libraries Java is one of the best programming languages to learn.

In Java, memory management is quite expensive and the absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures.  For developing android apps, web apps, and Big data, Java is mostly used. If you want to learn Java is quite simple and easy.

6. R

At the University of Auckland, R was designed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka. In 1992, this project was conceived, but its initial version released in 1995 and a stable beta version in 2000. R is primarily used for data analysis and is quite hard to learn. R is one of the best programming languages to learn and encourages you to develop new ideas because it is a comprehensive statistical analysis language. R, open-source software and as a statistical language is considered to be very easy to code therefore, anyone can use and change it. It is good for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows. R is cross-platform and one of the most useful programming languages which means it can seamlessly run on different operating systems.

If we talk about the shortcomings of R: in R, the quality of some packages is not up to the mark and does not have the best memory management, therefore, it may consume all available memory.

7. Javascript

JavaScript was initially known as LiveScript when it first shipped in with Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995. Later, it was renamed JavaScript. Client-side JavaScript is as fast as it can run quickly in the client-side browser. It is one of the best programming languages to learn because it is relatively simple to learn and can work smoothly with other languages. To write snippets of JavaScript, Grease monkey support it which can execute on specific web pages. This programming language to learn only allows single inheritance, so multiple inheritances are not possible. In JavaScript no copy or equal method is available and it interpreted differently by different browsers.

8. Swift

In July 2010, Swift was developed by Apple so that iOS developers do not need to work with Objective-C. It is easy to read and learn because the swift program codes are near to natural English. Swift has easy to add new features which makes it high- level language and is one of the most useful programming languages. It does not contain a long code line. The automatic memory management feature of this language prevents memory leaks. Swift is somewhat unstable with the continuous updating of swift versions of Apple. The pool of Swift developers is very limited as it is a new programming language. To create all types of iOS apps, Swift is a specially designed language that works with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks.

9. C++

C++ is a robust language widely used in diverse fields and will never go out of fashion. In 1983, C++ is a programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup. C++ is a popular language, and thus, there are many compilers and libraries. Like C, C #, and Java, other programming languages have a syntax very similar to C ++, which makes it easier to learn for everyone who knows C ++. It has no garbage collector running in the background and is one of the popular coding languages. The syntax of this language is complex, and the standard library is also small which makes this language very difficult to learn for the beginner programmer. Compared to other languages, the object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic. It is widely used in Game Development, Advance Computations, and Graphics Compilers

10. C#

The first version C# released in 2001. C# uses an almost similar syntax which follows by C so it becomes so easy to understand for those who know the C language. It has easy integration with windows which makes it one of the best coding languages to learn. With the .NET library, this easy-to-learn programming language is fully integrated which provides access to a repository of functionality and support. C# is considered as safer than its namesakes (C/++) as pointer types are not permitted. It widely used in enterprise cross-application development and web applications allow pointers in ‘unsafe’ blocks. In the list above, we’ve reviewed the best and most demanding programming languages to learn the most common uses, including web development, mobile development, game development, and more.

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